第一則：Tougher migration rules for students ( By Michelle Grattan May 8, 2006) 原文連結：<a href="http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/tougher-migration-rules-for-students/2006/05/07/1146940413140.html" class="bbcode_url">http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/tou...6940413140.html</a> Students from overseas who want to stay in Australia as skilled migrants will face tougher conditions in future. They will need better English and improved vocational or on-the-job training before being granted permanent residency. This follows a report that found these students often lacked English language skill, work experience and vocational training. The Government in 1999 changed the migration system to allow overseas students studying in Australia to apply after they graduated under the skilled migration program. In 2001-02, 5284 visas were issued in the main former student category; by 2004-05, 12,978 were issued. They received extra points for their Australian qualifications, and did not have to fulfil the normal requirement of having had work experience in their nominated occupation. The inquiry into the skilled migration program found employers said many skilled migrants lacked appropriate English proficiency for professional positions. It also found these former students mostly lacked on-the-job training and often their education had not contained a sufficient vocational component. For example, many had studied IT but did not have programming language skills. <span style="color:blue">Immigration Minister Amanda Vanstone said in future applicants for skilled migrant entry would have to meet a higher level of English language skill. There also would be greater emphasis on skilled work experience as a factor in the points test.</span> <span style="color:blue">"This means that many former overseas students, who are currently exempt from work experience requirements when applying for skilled migration, will require some skilled work experience in order to qualify," </span>she said. The Government would provide temporary visas to help students to gain work experience. 第二則：Migrants to Australia will have to speak English (Published on: Sun, 14 May 2006 18:59:49 GMT) 原文連結：<a href="http://www.mymigration.net/au/news/AHNAU_5_2006_632832119890000000_A.htm" class="bbcode_url">http://www.mymigration.net/au/news/AHNAU_5...890000000_A.htm</a> The Sunday Mail reported over the weekend that <span style="color:blue">Minister of Immigration, Amanda Vanstone, has changed the English language requirements for migrants.This round of changes comes days after a series of announcements and changes to Australia's various immigration, student and working holiday visas.</span> The overhaul of the skilled migration program follows a recent call by a prominent government MP for aspiring citizens to sit an English test. Immigration Minister Amanda Vanstone announced the changes to the program yesterday after a report found problems with the system. The minister explained that the aim of the skilled program is to place migrants quickly in jobs and that good English language skills and experience are vital to their success. The review was conducted by leading migration experts Dr Bob Birrell of Monash University, Associate Professor Lesley-anne Hawthorne, of Melbourne University, and Prof Sue Richardson, from South Australia's Flinders University. Their report found that the skilled program was generally working well; but many migrants were struggling to find jobs because a poor knowledge of English and a lack of relevant work experience. Dr Birrell said he was pleased the Government had accepted his team's recommendations, and backed Cabinet's recent decision not to increase the skilled migrant intake in 2006-07. <span style="color:blue">Last month, federal parliamentary secretary for immigration Andrew Robb called for migrants to sit English tests before they could acquire citizenship. </span> Mr Robb also said they should be tested on Australian values.