14年2月15IELTS機經

本帖由 rhtin2014-06-05 發佈。版面名稱:IELTS 考試心得分享交流

  1. rhtin

    rhtin Guest

    IELTS 2014年2月15 考試機經閱讀部分如下,以下連結有聽說讀寫完整檔案,

    寫作task1感覺還蠻簡單的。



    https://onedrive.liv...160&app=WordPdf



    Passage 1: Pearl,珍珠的地位,發現和生產過程。

    Passage 2: Five senses,關於人類五種感覺,聽覺、嗅覺、味覺、視覺和觸覺的描述。

    Passage 3: Conan Doyle,柯南道爾創造福爾摩斯時的背景故事。

    Passage1:

    第一段先說珍珠在古代是富貴和地位的象徵,在古羅馬很受重視,在波斯還被當成可以醫治百病的藥(後面有一題問哪個國家提及古代被用於藥學,答案正是定位於此)。

    第二段說珍珠可分成兩類,自然的,和養殖的。

    第三段說養殖珍珠的培養分為鹽水培育和淡水培育,鹽水培育品質一般比較高,淡水培育也有部分品質比較高的。

    第四段說人們的仿製,甚至是假的珍珠,從而講明瞭自然珍珠的很多特點。

    第五段講兩種珍珠的區別,他們的環境和行程因素差別很大,進一步說明自然珍珠很不容易得到.

    第六段說不同的珍珠用沒有經過訓練的肉眼是分不出來的,只有在什麼X光下才看得出來,養殖的核比較大,然後說珍珠的價值與尺寸和光澤度有關。

    第七段說日本的珍珠是世界上最貴的珍珠之一,可以達到$ 150000, 但是南半球生產的珍珠更貴。

    1-5段資訊匹配題:

    Paragraph A: --Ancient stories around the pearl and customers

    ParagraphC: --Different growth mechanisms that distinguish the culturedpearls from natural one

    Paragraph E: --Difficulties in cultivating process

    6-10 帶選項填空題

    In ancient history, pearls have great importance within the rich andrulers, which was treated as gem for women in 6. B. And perals were even usedas medicine sex drugfor people in 7. J. There are essentially three types ofpearls: natural, cultural, and imitation. Most freshwater cultured pearls soldtoday come from China while the 8. K. is famous for its imitation history. Thecountry 9. F. usually manufactures some if the glitteriest cultured ones whilethe nation such as 9. C produces the larger pearl due to the favoriteenvironment along the coast line. In the past, one country of 10. D. In Gulfproduced the world’s best pearls. Nowadays, the major remaining suppliers ofthe natural pearls belong to India.

    詞庫:

    A. American B. Ancient Rome C. Australia

    D. Bahrain E. China F. Japan G. India

    H. Korea I. Mexico J. Persia K. Spain

    11-13: T/F/NG

    11. Cultured pearl’s centre is (significant) larger than a natural pearl.(T)

    12. The size of pearl produced in Japan is usually than those came fromAustralia. (T)

    13. cultured pearls are generally valued the same much as natural ones.(F)

    以下是文章的內容回憶

    One of the first known gems to be valued by people, pearls have mystifiedand fascinated the minds of humans for centuries. Gemmologists classify these beauties as organic gems. Organicgems come from things that were once living.

    All natural pearlsare formed inside molluscs. Molluscs are soft bodied marine animals thatnormally have one shell or two. An example of a one shelled Mollusc is an Abalone.Natural pearls occur without any intervention by humans.

    A natural pearl isthe beautiful, organic gem that forms inside the body of a Mollusc when aparasite or another foreign matter naturally enters the body of the Mollusc.The substance which the Mollusc produces to cover the inside of their shell,which is called Nacre (nak-kur), is then used by the creature to soothe theirritation caused by the foreign matter –thus forming what we call a pearl.

    Cultured pearls arethe result of humans inserting foreign particles inside the Mollusc. Naturalpearls have multiple layers of nacre with no nucleus and theykeep their lustrefor life, unlike cultured pearl, where the lustre can diminish due to wear totheir thin layer of nacre. (diagram) history of the pearl.

    Throughout history,pearls have held a unique presence within the wealthy and powerful. Forinstancethe pearl was the favoured gem of the wealthy during the Roman Empire.This gift from the sea had been brought back from the Orient by the Romanconquests. Roman women wore natural pearls to bed so they could be reminded oftheir wealth immediately upon waking.

    Pearls were onceconsidered an exclusive privilege for royalty. A law in 1612 drawn up by theDuke of Saxony prohibited the wearing of pearls by nobility, professors,doctors or their wives in an effort to further distinguish royal appearance.Naturallyoccurring pearls are rare. Moana Natural Pearl of New Zealand.

    Naturally occurringpearls are rare. Moana Natural Pearl of New Zealand has a very large collectionof natural Abalone pearls of gem quality as well as white and black south seapearls.

    Natural and culturedpearls both grow inside oysters. However, natural pearls form naturally inoysters while cultured pearls are formed in oysters by the human implantationof a nucleus. The other main difference between the two is that a natural pearlhas thicker mother of pearl, or nacre, layers than a cultured pearl.

    The nacre layersformed on all pearls are made up of microscopic crystals. The iridescent finishon pearls comes from the perfect alignment of the crystals so that they reflectlight. Nacre is 90% calcium carbonate and 10% water and other organicsubstances. The outer layer of can look very different between natural and culturedpearls; natural pearls are often less iridescent than cultured ones.

    Natural and culturedpearls can also look extremely different inside. Sometimes, a strong light isenough to see inside a pearl, but usually a pearl's inner layers can only beseen with special x-ray-like equipment. Cultured pearls often show a narrowbrown line around the nucleus, while natural pearls have none of these growthrings.

    The Japaneseinvented the process of the nucleus method in pearl harvesting. The nucleusimplanted into the oyster by humans is usually larger than a natural pearlwould be since the nacre layers will not be as thick in a cultured pearl.Otherwise, the oyster coats both with nacreas a means of protecting itself from the foreign irritant.

    more information plz visit: https://onedrive.liv...160&app=WordPdf
     

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